When selecting what the experts deem a high quality diamond, keep in mind the 4 C’s of diamonds; clarity, cut, carat and color. Gemologists use this criteria for grading a diamond to determine its monetary value. In their natural setting, diamond crystals are born of small reserves of material which form in just the right conditions. This is why diamonds are so rare and costly and why the 4 C’s of diamonds are important to understand while selecting one.
Cut Of A Diamond
The cut of a diamond should not be confused with its shape. When gemologists reference the round, heart or emerald cut, they are referencing the way a diamond has been chiseled to maximize light reflection. The finer a cut, the more brilliance the diamond exhibits.
There is more to diamond clarity than being able to see into it. Diamonds are natural stones and like all other natural stones they can have inclusions and blemishes when soil gets trapped inside during the compression process. When a diamond has inclusions it minimizes the value depending upon the severity, but not necessarily the brilliance. Most diamonds have inclusions to some degree and those that do not are very rare and expensive, however the inclusions are so small as to only be seen in 10x loupe magnification, not with the human eye.
The Color Of A Diamond
The color of a diamond is graded in appreciating degrees by its lack of color. Very rare diamonds are completely clear. Remember, the quality of a stone depends on how the light passes into it and reflected back out. A stone with color will reflect less light. Think of a weathered piece of old glass. It has a yellowish tint that lacks of luster and does not reflect light well.
White diamonds are not like glass and do not color with age; however they are prized for their deep color. The color grades do not apply to these rare stones.
Carat – Weight Of A Diamond
The weight of a diamond is measured in carats, not to be confused with karat; the gauge for the purity of gold. Finding a large matrix with many carats is very uncommon. Most diamonds are on the smaller side. A carat is equal to 2 milligrams or .2 grams. Choosing your perfect diamond comes down to striking the right balance between your budget and the 4 C’s of diamonds.
Diamonds are truly rare stones that have their own identity so it’s fitting that they be recognized with a certificate. A diamond’s certificate details the 4 C’s of diamonds mentioned above. Embracing a diamond for its inclusions, color, weight and cut are easy when considering how rare and unique each one is. Show diamonds your love with regular maintenance and cleaning.